FAA Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office
Flight Test Engineer, FG-861-13. August 2001 to June 2007 (Retired). Completed an assignment on the type inspection authorization (TIA) flight test program on the Liberty Aerospace, Inc. XL-2 Program. Coordinated this program with the Los Angeles Aircraft Certification Office – Flight Test Branch Manager, Jim Richmond, and the lead FAA test pilot on the XL-2 aircraft, Joe Brownlee. DER Flight Test Pilot Leo Janssens and Ralph Kimberlin were the designated Flight Test Pilot during some of the flight test program. Mr. Kimberlin was also the DER Flight Analyst on the XL-2 flight test program. Provided Take-off and Landing Distance test techniques for the XL-2 Flight Test Program. Acted as Flight Test Engineer during the take-off and landing testing along with pilot. Assisted in conducting Engine Cooling testing (airborne and ground testing). Lead engineer during the evaluation of the Goodrich SmartdeckTM, Electronic Flight Information System. (Note this system was renamed to L3 Avionics). Reviewed test plans and participated in flight testing of several other Type Certificate and Supplemental Type Certificate projects (i.e., Piper Meridien heavy gross weight program, Piper Saratoga 6X and 6XT Type Certificate programs, etc.) Participated in Type Inspection Authorization (TIA) testing in Cessna 337 with Continental IO-550 engine in rear engine location (Continental IO-360 engine in the forward location). Participated in Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) testing in Beechcraft 350, AirBus A-300, Gulfstream One, and CASA 212 aircraft as well flight test plan review for Boeing 747-200 aircraft. Participated in review of flight test issue papers and flight test plan review in preparation for testing on Boeing 747, 777, Challenger 600 aircraft with special large antennas. In addition, participation in four Aircraft Certification Systems Evaluation (ACSEP) programs (engineering audits) in the FAA Southern Region. Participated in Icing NASA/UTSI study and demonstration in a Navion Aircraft (with a Variable Stability flight control computer installed) airborne flight simulation.
Provided technical support to MES, Inc., 10358 Battleview Parkway, Manassas, VA 20109 (President-Naren Shahani, 703-361-8773) under a subcontract to SIMTEC, Inc. in developing the flight test plan for the Aerial Refueling Flight Simulation (Flight Test data taking phase) under a contract to the U.S. Air Force Air Mobility Command’s aerial refueling simulator upgrade program. This program was under a contract to ASC/YW at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio (1/96 to 4/96). Acted as Designated Engineering Representative (DER) Flight Analyst – assisted in the flight testing and DER work on the STC project on a Beechcraft Baron 56TC. Associated with the New York Aircraft Certification Office.
Avion Technologies, Inc.
President/Chief Engineer, August 1994 to June 1996. Manage and operate an aerospace engineering services and consulting company in flight test program management, flying qualities and performance, flight simulation, flight control system development and structural flight testing. Under a subcontract to PRC, Inc. at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (NASA/DFRC), Edwards, CA under the Engineering and Technical Services for Flight Research and Development contract. There were two delivery orders. 1) Flight Test Engineering Database Management System (FTEDBMS) documentation – Avion Tech team members documented and prepared the FTEDBMS Manual at NASA/DFRC for use and training of flight test engineers in support of flight test programs. 2) Integrated Controls – provide technical engineering support on the F-15 Advanced Control Technology for Integrated Vehicles (ACTIVE) Aircraft Flight Test Program. An Avion Tech engineer designed and analyzed integrated flight propulsion control systems for the test aircraft (F-15 ACTIVE aircraft) using H-Infinity and Mu synthesis control techniques also develop integrated engine/aircraft control laws for the test aircraft.
U. S. Army Aviation Applied Technology Directorate; Advanced Flight Controls Team, Aeronautical Systems Integration Tech Area
Aerospace Engineer, GS-861-12. Oct. 1988 to May 1991. Journeyman aerospace engineer. Planned and conducted exploratory and advanced development projects in the area of aircraft flight control systems, subsystems, and component design and testing. Evaluated LH (light helicopter) flight control system design and the proposed LH handling qualities specification (ADS33). Was assistant project engineer on the Integrated Fire Flight Control (IFFC) System program. Also was a Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative on the IFFC Implementation Assessment Phase One Small Business Innovation Research Program.
NASA Langley Research Center, Flight Applications Branch, Low Speed Aerodynamics Division
Aerospace Technologist, GS-861-12. Oct. 1987 to June 1988
Project engineer on Cessna 172X Stall/Spin Resistance Research Program. Managed and conducted research into stalls and spin resistance flight testing of a specially modified Cessna 172 airplane to determine a spin resistant aerodynamic configuration of the test airplane which would meet the NASA/FAA/GAMA proposed spin resistant specification. Also managed an FAA/NASA stall/spin resistant evaluation of a modified Beechcraft Sundowner airplane; conducting an evaluation to determine inflight drag of a towed sailplane (Schweitzer Model 136 Sprite) whereby equations and techniques were developed for measuring inflight drag as well as the required instrumentation; and conducted a feasibility study for a multi-engine aircraft stall/spin resistance research program.
NASA Johnson Space Center, Crew Training and Procedures Development Division, Flight Operations Directorate
Aerospace Engineer, GS-861-12. Sept. 1977 to Oct. 1987, June 1988 to Oct. 1988. Planned and conducted man-in-the-loop simulations of Space Shuttle Orbiter in the entry flight regime with astronaut crews to evaluate guidance, navigation, area navigation, and cockpit displays. The results of these simulations were used to determine crew procedures, flight techniques, and operational requirements for entry flight conditions from 400,000 feet altitude, at Mach Number 25 to landing rollout. Co-authored “Conduct and Results of Optional TAEM Targeting Verification Simulation, Final Report” dated September 1979. Also predicted the stability, control, and damping derivatives of the Orbiter during the entry flight regime prior to the first orbital flight via computer simulation.
U. S. Air Force Flight Test Center, Flight Test Division, Performance and Flying Qualities Branch, Code AFFTC/DOEEP, Edwards AFB. Aerospace Engineer. June 1976 to Sept. 1977.
Planned, conducted, evaluated, analyzed, and reported on flight tests of new, conventional, and unconventional aircraft. Resolved problems of conflicting or obscure nature related to the testing of aircraft such as airplane performance, stability and control, vibration, etc., during favorable and unfavorable flying conditions. Also planned, and implemented new flight test procedures, data acquisition, and data reduction techniques; specify data parameters to be recorded and formulate flight test data recording systems. Planned and determined sequence of tests, specific data to be obtained on each flight, and brief pilots and crew members on specific data requirements prior to each flight. Made recommendations for establishing flight limitations and design modifications for more favorable performance of airplanes undergoing flight test. Project Engineer on the YF-16 Stall/Spin Drop Model flight test program, F-16 flight test program (stability and control analysis and moveable stick evaluation), and the USAF/NASA HIMAT RPRV Program (HIMAT – Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology, RPRV – Remotely Piloted Research Vehicle).
Reports authored or coauthored:
1. Report No. AFFTC-TR-76-42 of Apr. 1977, Conduct and Results of YF-16 RPRV Stall/Spin Drop Model Tests; Final Report.
2. Letter Report of Aug. 16, 1977, YF-16 Moveable Stick Evaluation.
U. S. Air Force Aeronautical Systems Division, Flight Stability and Control Division, Airframe Engineering Directorate, Wright-Patterson AFB
Aerospace Engineer, GS-861-12.Dec. 1973 to June 1976. Monitored and evaluated contractor design and development of flight control systems and the flight testing of these new systems. Military Specifications MIL-D-9490 (Flight Control Systems), MIL-F-8785 (Flying Qualities of Piloted Airplanes), and MIL-F-83300 (Flying Qualities of V/STOL Aircraft) were used to measure the contractor’s success. Was Project Engineer on the USAF/Lockheed C-5A Active Lift Distribution Control Systems (ALDCS) flight control system flight test program, USAF/McDonnell Douglas YC-15 airplane flight test program, USAF/Boeing YC-14 flight control system development, A-7D Digitac (digital fly-by wire flight control system) safety analysis of the flight test plan, and YF-16A spin analysis.
U. S. Naval Air Test Center, Flight Test Division, AIMS Program Office
Aerospace Engineer, GS-861-11. Dec. 1971 to Dec. 1973. Supervisor: Paul W. Chapin. Planned, organized, and conducted flight test calibration of Navy and Marine Corp airplanes pitot-static systems in conjunction with the requirements of the Department of Defense’s Air Traffic Control RADAR Beacon System, Identification Friend or Foe, Mark XII System (AIMS). If an airplane failed to meet the AIMS requirements, a solution was found and incorporated into the airplane fleet as well as the airplane flight manuals, i.e., airspeed and altitude position error curves. In addition I was the Pacer Engineer for NATC with the responsibility to update the airspeed and altitude position error curves for the Flight Test Division’s calibrated pacer airplanes: OV-10A, A-4E, TA-4J, and F-4J. A Speed Graphic Camera with a Polaroid backing was used to take pictures of test airplanes at the sea level position error tower fly-by facility for calibration purposes. Designed a static pressure recovery plate (for the static source) for the E-2B aircraft based on flight test data. This “cheater plate” was installed on all E-2B aircraft. The purpose of this plate was to give the flight crew accurate altitude data.
1. Report No. FT-48R-71 of 27 Jun 1972, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the E-1B Airplane; Final Report.
2. Report No. FT-59R-72 of 25 Aug 1972, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration and Calibration of Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the T-34B Airplane; First Interim Report.
3. Report No. FT-24R-73 of 25 Apr 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the C-117/NC/TC-117 Airplanes; First Interim Report.
4. Report No. FT-33R-73 of 11 Jun 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the A-6A Airplane; Final Report.
5. Report No. FT-60R-73 of 20 Sep 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the A-6C Airplane; Final Report.
6. Report No. FT-64R-73 of 9 Oct 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the T-34B Airplane; Final Report.
7. Report No. F71R-73 of 30 Oct 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the TE-2A/E-2B Airplanes; First Interim Report.
8. Report No. FT-75R-73 of 6 Dec 1973, Flight Test Evaluation and Calibration of AIMS Airborne ATCRBS Equipment in the TC-4C Airplane; Final Report.
U. S. Naval Air Test Center, Flight Test Division, Flying Qualities and Performance Branch, Attack Section
Journeyman Flight Test Engineer, GS-861-11. July 1967 to Dec. 1971. Planned, organized, and conducted complete technical testing, evaluation and special investigation of conventional fixed wing, carrier-based attack aircraft with respect to aircraft flying qualities and performance. Also included in this assignment were responsibilities for analyzing test data and reporting test results with recommendations and conclusions to correct for failures or deficiencies. Test requirements were based on MIL-F-8785 Flying Qualities of Piloted Airplanes, MIL-D-8708 Demonstration Requirements, and/or Detailed Specifications for a specific airplane. I conducted various tests while employed in this assignment. These tests included: (a) using a calibrated thrust stand to determine test airplane installed gross thrust; (b) using a calibrated weight scale to determine airplane gross weight and center of gravity; (c) measuring specific gravity of JP-5 jet fuel; (d) determining airspeed and altitude position error utilizing tower fly-by and pace aircraft methods; (d) using engine fuel flow instrumentation to determine airplane performance parameters for inclusion into Naval and/or Marine Corps aircraft flight manuals; and (e) using strip chart recorders to document stability, control, and performance parameters recorded during flight test flights.
Reports authored or coauthored:
1. Report No. FT-28R-68 of 14 May 1968, Evaluation of the Updated J-65-W-20 Engine in an A-4C Airplane; First Interim Report.
2. Report No. FT-46R-68 of 2 Jul 1968, Contract’s Spin Demonstration of the OV-10A Airplane; Final Report.
3. Report No. FT-4R-69 of 13 Feb 1969, Evaluation of the Ling-Temco-Vought Air Combat Simulator; Final Report.
4. Report No. FT-138R-69 of 4 Dec 1969, Flying Qualities Evaluation of the A-6C Airplane; Final Report.
5. Report No. FT-72R-70 of 24 Jul 1970, Contractor’s Aerodynamic (Performance) and Structural Demonstrations of the EA-6B Airplane; Final Report.
6. Report No. FT-101R-70 of 25 Oct 1970, Navy Preliminary Evaluation of the A-4M Airplane; Final Report.
7. Report No. FT-40R-71 of 13 May 1971, Contractor’s Part II Structural Demonstration of the A-4M Airplane; Final Report.
8. Report No. FT-86R-71 of 22 Oct 1971, Flying Qualities and Performance Service Acceptance Trials of the Model A-4M Airplane; Final Report.
Bendix Corporation/Allied-Signal Inc., Navigation & Control Division
Mechanical Engineer. Aug. 1965 to May 1967. Assistant Project Engineer on the Star Tracker Program of the NASA Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, conducted tests and wrote test reports, test procedures, and subcontract proposals on the Star Tracker. Tests were conducted in environmental test chambers for solar impingement and thermal vacuum. Also conducted an evaluation of a heater for the Star Tracker in a near absolute zero temperature environment. Prior to the Star Tracker assignment, tested and calibrated the pendulous Integrated Gyro Accelerometers for the Minuteman ICBM and the Sabre Missiles.